Lawless English

Tomatoes or Tomatos?

Some say tomāto, some say tomăto, but when there is more than one, everyone has to add –es to make it plural. The English words tomato and potato are sometimes mistakenly made plural by simply adding an –s. But these two words, along with a few others, need –es in the plural. This is the complete list:

Most words that end in –o are pluralized by simply adding –s. This includes all words that end in vowel + o:

And all shortened words:

And proper names:

And many other words, including:

Many of these words were borrowed from other languages, notably Spanish and Italian. Interestingly, the words potato and tomato came into English via Spanish but need –es in the plural.

Also note that quite a few words can be spelled either way, including

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