Do vs Make

Do vs make
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Confusing English Verbs

English has two verbs, "to do" and "to make," that are both equivalent to a single verb in some languages*, which makes it difficult for speakers of those languages to know which one to use in any given situation. Understanding the difference in meaning is key to knowing which verb you need.

To do

To do is a more general verb: it means to act a certain way, to perform an activity. The past tense is irregular: did.

For example…

What are you doing?

I am doing the dishes.

We want to do the crossword puzzle.

He doesn’t know what to do with those old clothes.

They do a lot of work.

Nouns to use with do

  • do an activity
  • do business
  • do chores
  • do damage
  • do exercise
  • do a favor
  • do some gardening
  • do one’s hair / nails
  • do harm
  • do homework
  • do a job
  • do the laundry
  • do one’s best
  • do one’s duty
  • do paperwork
  • do a puzzle
  • do research
  • do the shopping
  • do a task
  • do work

 Do also has a very important role as an auxiliary verb.

To make

To make is more specific: it focuses on the creation of something, an activity that ends with a new product or outcome. The past tense is irregular: made.

What are you making?

I am making a cake.

We want to make a new game.

He should make a quilt out of those old clothes.

They make a lot of money.

Nouns to use with make

  1. make an apology
  2. make an assumption
  3. make the bed
  4. make a call
  5. make a change
  6. make a comment
  7. make a copy
  8. make a decision
  9. make a drink
  10. make an effort
  11. make an excuse
  12. make a fire
  13. make food
  14. make a friend
  15. make a list
  16. make a mess
  17. make a mistake
  18. make money
  19. make noise
  20. make an offer
  21. make plans
  22. make progress
  23. make a promise
  24. make a speech
  25. make a video

* How to say "to do / to make" in …

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To make vs to do

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